James was born at sea aboard H.M. Ship Sultana in 1816, to parents John and Lucy. He was baptised on 7 March 1816 at St John, Portsea, Hampshire.
Census returns identify the following occupations for James.
- 1841 schoolmaster
- 1851 schoolmaster & druggist
- 1861 Wesleyan Reform minister and schoolmaster
- 1871 schoolmaster, land surveyor & electrician
- 1881 retired schoolmaster and local preacher
- 1891 retired schoolmaster
He married Mary Ann Hawkins (1809-1881) on 10 September 1841 at Great Ryburgh, Norfolk. Census returns identify two children.
- Thomas Robert (1846-1913) – a ranchman (1889); died in USA
- John Luther Paul (1848-1937) – a printer compositor
James died in the summer of 1893 at Islington, London.
- 1836 Upwell
- 1837 Cambridge
- 1838 Hadleigh
- 1839 disappears
W Leary, Directory of Primitive Methodist Ministers and their Circuits, 1990
Census Returns and Births, Marriages & Deaths Registers